Teaching european union as a model of integration


SUMMARY: This project has as main objective to produce and dissemination knowledge about the EU, within the framework of its origin and evolution, normative instruments, sector policies and institutional system, to allow a deeper study of issues surrounding the European law as well as aspects related to the negotiation and establishment of common policies aimed at strengthening regional integration. So, the specific objectives include the analysis the development of the European integration process anchored in a Community law and supranational character based on the democratic rule of law and must examine how the development of the European integration process as possible the adoption of common policies aimed at sustainable development, citizen participation and strengthening of fundamental rights. In order to achieve these objectives we propose activities in teaching, research, events and deliverables that contribute to enable stakeholders (students, teachers, researchers and the general community) to establish the conditions necessary for understanding the importance of an integrated European space, which enable the creation of new lines of research and new political programs and actions that can impact on the formulation of national policies and for MERCOSUR.

Moreover, by establishing a Jean Monnet Chair in Minas Gerais, the possibility of disseminating European-themes becomes even more significant because this state has borders with Brazil São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, which will undoubtedly facilitate the participation of a broad public. Furthermore, the UFMG has a large number of partnerships with other educational institutions and research institutions both national (Universidad de Itaúna; USP; UFRJ; UERJ; PUCMG, etc.) and international (Universidad de Barcelona, Université Paris II, Universidad de Buenos Aires, etc.). If implemented, this proposal will fill an important gap in the EU-Brazil relations, since the country still has no specific Jean Monnet Chair for the study, analysis and dissemination of law and policy of EU.


EXPECTED IMPACT OF PROYECT: This proposal has a widely innovative character to create a specific framework for the dissemination, discussion and in depth topics related to European integration, in particular the formation of a proper law and the creation of common specific policy. It is noteworthy that the UFMG, despite being top-ranked in the field of teaching, research and extension, still lacks a space for discussion and knowledge specific to EU themes, and it was not even contemplated with resources or funds Jean Monnet either directly or indirectly. Furthermore, in Brazil there are currently only two Jean Monnet (University of Brasilia - Brazil's central region and Universidade do Vale do Itajai - Southern) dedicated to the study of issues concerning European integration, which confirms the need for expansion of activities Jean Monnet to other states and regions of Brazil.

As mentioned above, at a time when relations with Brazil are considered strategic from the point of view of trade agreement negotiations and cooperation both nationally and regionally, the absence of a focused programs and actions could denote Jean Monnet an indifference to the scholars of European integration that has continually analysing and studying the European process.

In relation to the proposed activities, the degree of innovation can be inferred from the following elements:

- Teaching: the approval of the proposal will allow the offering of specific courses concerned with the study of law and policies, serving as a springboard for the creation of new cognitive tools that allowed students and researchers in areas (law, economics, politics, biology, pharmacy, etc.) better knowledge and deepening studies of the EU. Furthermore, the subjects will be focused on the adoption of evaluative systems that can assess the degree and forms of knowledge acquired, as well as define the skills that were learned during the course. The creation of new courses, from the proceeds can be easily effected, since the UFMG has a flexible curriculum content that allows the inclusion of emerging themes. All courses may be offered to undergraduate and graduate levels, which comprehends a total minimum of 2,000 students per year, if we consider the courses linked directly to this proposal, as Law, Economics, International Relationships, etc. In courses will be given a theoretical approach in order to establish and consolidate issues related to regional integration, with emphasis on the EU and Mercosur. The researches will deep of integration in specific topics such as the environment, intellectual property, among others.

- Researches: in the case of researches, innovation can be understood from the need to formulate social policy (cohesion) and environmental level more protective than that determined by international treaties. In this sense, the policies adopted by the EU, within the framework of common legal system, can serve as a reference for other countries and integration processes. It is also known that environmental issue and cohesion despite widely studied, has not been examined from the viewpoint of impact on other systems (national and regional), and therefore, it is necessary to further study so to define the possible scope of these initiatives. Furthermore, students from different areas of knowledge will be able to join the courses offered, contributing to incentive the debate on integration, synergic connections across fields, and new ideas about it.

- Events: the events held that opens up a space for reflection and debate necessary to deepen knowledge of and integration issues. These spaces also allow an important interchange of experiences and reflections, maturing research and teaching networks. The innovation of the proposal relates to the use of the structure of UFMG to provide the expert meeting that will discuss topics relevant to the creation of new mechanisms of integration, from the European experience. The discussion of the role of Europe in the world will obviously focuses on its relations with Latin America, especially with the Mercosul countries and even more with Brazil, seeking to secure a strategic partnership with the Member States. The proposed discussion will also serve as a benchmark for submission of deliverables a broad understanding of guidelines for the construction of a common juridical system.

- Deliverables: the main innovation is to create a digital platform that will be enable the monitoring of the "everyday" of the Member States, with the release of major news, standards and statements issued by institutions in Portuguese, Spanish (preferably both languages and English). The completion of the interviews also features innovative character by allowing disclosure of Jean Monnet actions, especially the Chairs, and its role of disseminating knowledge about the EU. There is no doubt that to have a Jean Monnet Chair at UFMG and in particular the Law School can rely on resources needed for the study, dissemination and debate of European law and policy, provide a continued learning on European integration which will serve to strengthen the research carried out by the legal, economic, political and social areas.




The European model of sustainable development: environmental protection as an element for the formation of a common policy

This project aims to analyze the construction of European environmental rules, paying attention to the formulation of programs and projects aimed at strengthening the protection of environmental resources within the United States and its relationship with other policies (transport, education and energy). Moreover seek to analyze the decisions taken by the European institutions along with other policies and consideration of the environmental element at the time of decision making. Further, it will be analyzed as the EU takes on commitments by the international community in relation to specific topics such as the emission of greenhouse gases.

I. Objectives

General Purpose

- Analyze how the European model of sustainable development resulted in the creation of a common policy with the adoption of legal instruments and programs of action designed to enhance environmental protection by the Member States.

Specific Objectives

- Studying the main regulatory instruments connected to the creation of a common policy on environmental protection

- Analyze the evolution of the European law and as concern about environmental issues has resulted in the development of a more effective system of protection.

- Study how the EU takes environmental commitments that go beyond those adopted internationally, and as such posture may influence the negotiation of international instruments with wider coverage and greater assurance level.

II. Problem

The research will be centered on the analysis of common environmental policy in Europe, from the creation of a European model of sustainable development, based on a higher level of protection compared with other integration processes and even other countries. The delimitation of the problem is needed in order to define the object of research, as previously mentioned in the justification and objectives, and enable an analysis focused on aspects related to environmental protection within the EU, and that despite showing considerable number of existing literature on environmental issues not yet presented a study on the direct and specific European model of sustainable development.

As part of the research shall be examined the following topics:

- The environmental protection measures and common legal system construction;

- Community programs as a way to achieve sustainable development;

- The mainstreaming of environmental issues in the decision-making process;

- The sustainable development model of the enlarged Europe.

It is noteworthy that the proponent has developed a research funded by UFMG/ FAPEMIG entitled "Integration of environmental issues into Community policies of the European Union: a reference to the transversality of sector policies in Mercosur", which includes the participation of two graduate students and a Masters. The results should be presented in June this year.

The methodology focuses on the main aspects established for research on European Law, especially due to the fragmented character of the normative and institutional framework found in the production and application of international environmental standards. In this sense, one should use methods for analyzing the evolution of environmental regulations, specifically the general principles, and its consequent incorporation or "absorption" by the Community legal system. Thus, the historical method will allow analyzing what were the principles of greater impact on European Law and jurisprudence. Also the inductive method will focus on what are the legal instruments that effectively influence the formation legislative environmental policy. It is clear that the multidisciplinary should always be present on the topic of environmental protection and it shall be addressed from the context of cross-cutting themes of environmental protection, such as ecology, biodiversity, water resources, waste management, etc.., themes that are undeniably linked with the application of environmental principles of general repercussion, especially those that were gradually incorporated by European standards. There will be a document analysis, literature and jurisprudence on the topic proposed by prospecting technique documentary.

It is a tradition in the UFMG to have researches linked with the environmental area, once it offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Ecology, Environmental Law, New Economic Geography, etc.. This shows that the environmental issue is part of the current research lines in the institution. Moreover, UFMG may offer the adequate administrative, technical and academic support for possessing a specific structure oriented research (Pro-rector of research), which will facilitate the use of financial and human resources that are necessary for the development of the proposed thematic.

The research will be important to demonstrate how the European system of environmental protection is more developed than the international one, setting goals that go beyond those established by international treaties, which means that the EU serves as a paradigm for other countries and regional integration processes. Furthermore, environmental issues after discussions of Rio +20 should focus on the new perspectives brought to the new international economic crisis. The research will help students and researchers to learn how it is structured a common environmental policy, adding knowledge about a sector policy focused on an issue of great international concern: the environment. 




The social coherence and the integration processes: the EU model

The Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion Policy is an important key to determine the nature of the integration processes. It is based and justified in overcoming the unevenness of development and prosperity among states and regions to create a space in which everyone is in a position to compete effectively. It multiplies and enhances the benefits of competition and free enterprise and avoids the risk of an unequal distribution of the benefits of integration, limiting the damage that could result from an excessive concentration of them in the most advanced economic and social sectors. All models of integration are legitimate. The cohesion policy is the extent of the interest of States to achieve real social and political objectives beyond mere economic interest. In the European Union, the biggest boost of cohesion policy coincides with the big steps towards integration: the formation of the single internal market and the monetary union.

I. Objectives

General Purpose

- Analyze how social cohesion policy became the main instrument for the development of the EU, to enable mitigation of asymmetries and enable a better quality of life for all European citizens.

Specific Objectives

- Study the main regulatory instruments connected to the creation of a common policy on social cohesion in Europe.

- Analyze the multiple aspects of cohesion, but specifically the programmes created under Community to strengthen the economy of the Member States and permit the implementation of the four freedoms.

- Examine the influence of the European model of social cohesion and how this can be applied to other integration processes, taking as starting point the Mercosur process. 

II. Problem

The research will be cantered on the analysis of social cohesion as a means of strengthening the regional integration process to take into account the disparities in each of the Member States. In this context, it should devote to the subject of the research that while collaterally already addressed by the doctrine has not been the subject of further research to specify precisely to what extent and in what ways this influence contributed to the construction, development and strengthening the European integration process and how this influence can be used as a parameter to other integration processes, specifically the Mercosur. The delimitation of the problem is needed in order to define the object of the research, as previously mentioned in the justification and objectives, and enable an analysis focused on aspects of social cohesion that are considered to structuring the European system, and on which the vast existing literature on environmental issues not yet presented a study on the direct and specific European model of social cohesion and its impact on regional integration processes in Latin America.

As part of the research, it should be examined the following topics:

- The social cohesion policy: origin, construction and development.

- Social cohesion as a tool to mitigate asymmetries.

- Has the European system developed an effective model of social cohesion?

- Application of European parameters to other integration processes: a consideration on the specificities.

- The future of cohesion policy after new expansions. 

The methodology should focus on the main aspects established for a research on European Law, mainly due to the fragmented character of the normative and institutional framework found in the production and application of international environmental standards. In this sense, it should be used methods for analyzing how social cohesion – having as a start point the successful European experience – can be used as a benchmark for other regional integration processes, notably Mercosur. Thus, the historical analysis will enable to visualize how the construction of a cohesion policy coincides with the periods of greatest expansion of European integration. Also, the inductive method will be used to demonstrate how cohesion, to assist in mitigating asymmetries, resulted in a longer and better quality of life for European citizens, positively affecting the economic development of the Member States. Of course, if that subject is a social aspect to be performed an exploratory enabling the achievement of the goals mentioned.

The UFMG traditionally has researches related to social development, already being offered to students interested in learning the different schemes of social policies. The University also has specific work programs for the social area. Moreover, UFMG may offer adequate administrative, technical and academic support once it poses a specific structure dedicated to research in social rights (Pro-rector extension), which will facilitate the use of financial and human resources that are necessary for the development of the research. 

The research will be important to demonstrate how social cohesion served as the foundation for the construction of the European integration process, demonstrating the importance of creating a common policy needed to give citizens a better quality of life, enabling also to increase the level of economic development of each Member State. At the end of the research, it will be disseminated the instruments adopted by the EU which enabled the establishment of a common essential for integration, and that can be used as a model for other integration processes, specifically for Mercosur – a process that requires the establishment of a social agenda.





Silva, Roberto Luiz (Member of the teaching staff)

Tuffi Saliba, Aziz (Member of the teaching staff)

Ribeiro Volpini Silva, Carla (Member of the teaching staff)

Secches Vieira, Daniela (Researcher)

Chagas Neto, Edney (Doctoral student)

Oliveira Lanchotti de, Andressa (Researcher)

Correia da Silva Gomes Caldas, Roberto (External Researcher)

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